Teacher Kim Ooi writing for Hello Teacher!

Updated November 16, 2018
Kim Ooi

Different types of eggs in China

Few people would say that they want to teach abroad in order to try new foods.

I think this is a vastly overlooked aspect of working as a TEFL teacher, particularly in Asian countries like China.

China has a diverse and fascinating range of dishes to try including turtle, frog and even dog meat.

In this article, however, I will be concentrating on one very specific type of food, namely eggs. Yes, eggs!

What is so special about eggs then? A breakfast staple in many countries, they come from chickens and can be served boiled, fried, poached or scrambled.

That’s about it, right? Wrong!

In China, the types of eggs that you can eat are almost as varied as the other Chinese dishes that you can try.

Let me introduce you to some of them.

Brown chicken eggs

Most Westerners would be familiar with brown chicken eggs as this is what they would normally find for sale in their own countries.

So, if you normally like to have an egg or two for breakfast, you will not have to give this up when you come to China.

Brown chicken eggs China

Brown chicken eggs are available in China.

White chicken eggs

White chicken eggs are laid by a different species of chicken.

Their shell is thinner and more brittle compared to the brown-shelled variety. Also, they’re generally slightly smaller.

In China, there is even a special variety of white chicken egg which is used as a remedy for dizziness or lightheadedness!

White chicken eggs with yolk showing

White chicken eggs have thinner shells than their brown counterparts.

Century eggs or ‘pidan’

How would you fancy eating a 100-year-old egg?

“Ewww, yuck, eat a century-old fossil? Will that not make me ill?” I hear you ask.

Fortunately, these eggs (from ducks, by the way) are neither old nor rotten but have merely been chemically treated to make them look like they have been sitting around for centuries.

The ‘egg white’ resembles brown jelly and the yolk is greenish-grey. It does have a rather strong taste but is perfectly safe to eat in moderation.

Century egg dish in China

Century eggs are popular across China (Photo: irrational_cat on Flickr).

A few years ago, 30 factories making this delicacy were closed down for using industrial copper sulphate. This is a toxic chemical that helps expedite the egg-festering process.

I stopped eating this egg a while ago due to the strong taste (not the chemical scare!).

While the century egg draws a following from the older generation in China as well as curious travellers, the eggs have fallen out of favour with many young people who are weary of China’s preserved and fermented foods.

Salt eggs

Also made from duck eggs, salt eggs are a sort of preserved egg made by soaking them in brine or packing them in damp, salted charcoal.

The inside has the appearance and texture of a hard-boiled chicken egg but the taste is of course salty! The yoke is used in Chinese mooncakes to symbolize the moon.

Both salt eggs and century eggs are sold individually, wrapped in plastic and vacuum-packed.

It's quite difficult to peel the shell from this egg without removing some of the egg itself. Once the shell is off, it is likely that the egg will look rather ‘wonky’ instead of being of a smooth oval shape.

Salt egg in China

Salt egg in China.

Quail eggs

These types of eggs are rather small (about 1.5-2 cm in diameter). The shell color ranges from a pale beige to yellowy-brown and is covered with dark spots or patches.

When hard-boiled, the interior has the same appearance (apart from the obvious difference in size) and texture as chicken eggs.

These eggs taste just like chicken eggs too.

Bantum eggs

Slightly smaller than chicken eggs but with a proportionately larger yolk, bantum eggs are quite difficult to accurately describe because there are many different breeds of bantum chickens.

There will be slight differences in the color and size of the egg of each breed. The taste, however, is pretty much the same as their larger counterparts.

Women selling eggs in China

Ethnic Chinese women selling eggs in Yuanyang, Yunnan province.

Pre-laid eggs

Those of you from the UK would be familiar with the meal, fish and chips. One of my favorite dishes from a fish and chips shop is cod roe.

Pre-laid eggs are obtained using the same method, i.e. the chicken is gutted and the egg sack containing eggs that have not yet been laid is carefully removed. This looks like a string of yolks attached to a section of intestine.

I have not tried this egg but I cannot imagine an unhatched egg tasting a lot different to a hatched one. Comment below if you find otherwise.

Goose eggs

Goose eggs are quite large and have a very distinct flavor.

They are perhaps one of the rarer Chinese delicacies as you cannot buy them from supermarkets. Those wanting to try them would have to buy or order them direct from farms that rear geese for the market.

Goose eggs are therefore not commonly eaten in China’s big cities.

Where to buy eggs in China

Most eggs in China are sold loose in markets and the price is based on weight. In supermarkets, you can buy eggs in trays for a set price, just like you would back home.

Whether you buy your eggs at the market or supermarket, the good news is they're available across the country.

So there you have it – a guide to the types of eggs you can eat in China. Which ones have you tried?


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